Eliot

Eliot Wortzusammensetzung

Thomas Stearns Eliot war ein englischsprachiger Lyriker, Dramatiker und Kritiker, der als einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter der literarischen Moderne gilt. Im Jahr wurde er mit dem Literaturnobelpreis ausgezeichnet. Eliot studierte. Thomas Stearns Eliot (* September in St. Louis, Missouri, Vereinigte Staaten; † 4. Januar in London, England) war ein englischsprachiger Lyriker. Eliot ist einzigartig in Deutschland. Er besticht durch sein ikonisches Design, überzeugt mit smarter Technik sowie seiner smarten Personality und all dies zu. Eliot ist ein elektrisch höhenverstellbarer Schreibtisch, für den unsere Designer mit internationalen Preisen ausgezeichnet wurden. Alles zum Jungennamen Eliot wie Bedeutung, Herkunft, Namenstag und Beliebtheit auf kinderdagverblijfmeneerkoekepeer.online

Eliot

T.S. Eliot war ein zerrissener Mensch. Die Tiefendimension seiner Lyrik macht ihn zu einem Jahrhundertdichter. erhält er den Nobelpreis. Eliot als Jungenname ♂ Herkunft, Bedeutung & Namenstag im Überblick ✓ Alle Infos zum Namen Eliot auf kinderdagverblijfmeneerkoekepeer.online entdecken! Thomas Stearns Eliot (* September in St. Louis, Missouri, Vereinigte Staaten; † 4. Januar in London, England) war ein englischsprachiger Lyriker. Although Eliot's poetry is not as influential as it once was, notable literary scholars, like Harold Bloom [98] and Stephen Greenblatt[99] still acknowledge that Eliot's poetry is central to the literary English canon. These book-essays, along with his Dantean indubitable masterpiece, Eliot the base of literature into theology and philosophy: whether a work is poetry must be decided by Bitcoinsurf standards; whether it is great poetry must be decided by standards higher than the literary. Vivienne was committed to the Northumberland House mental hospital, Stoke Newingtoninand remained there until she died. Ackroyd, Peter. A Beste Spielothek in Damekow finden through Aiken resulted in an arranged meeting and on 22 SeptemberEliot paid a visit to Pound's flat. Eliot died of emphysema at his home in Kensington in London, on 4 January[53] and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. After leaving Merton, Eliot worked as a schoolteacher, most notably at Highgate Schoola private school in London, where he taught French and Latin—his students included the young John Betjeman.

One project he had in mind was writing a play in verse, using some of the rhythms of early jazz. The play featured "Sweeney", a character who had appeared in a number of his poems.

Although Eliot did not finish the play, he did publish two scenes from the piece. These scenes, titled Fragment of a Prologue and Fragment of an Agon , were published together in as Sweeney Agonistes.

Although Eliot noted that this was not intended to be a one-act play, it is sometimes performed as one. A pageant play by Eliot called The Rock was performed in for the benefit of churches in the Diocese of London.

Much of it was a collaborative effort; Eliot accepted credit only for the authorship of one scene and the choruses.

Martin Browne for the production of The Rock , and later commissioned Eliot to write another play for the Canterbury Festival in This one, Murder in the Cathedral , concerning the death of the martyr, Thomas Becket , was more under Eliot's control.

Eliot biographer Peter Ackroyd comments that "for [Eliot], Murder in the Cathedral and succeeding verse plays offered a double advantage; it allowed him to practice poetry but it also offered a convenient home for his religious sensibility.

Martin Browne [78]. Regarding his method of playwriting, Eliot explained, "If I set out to write a play, I start by an act of choice.

I settle upon a particular emotional situation, out of which characters and a plot will emerge. And then lines of poetry may come into being: not from the original impulse but from a secondary stimulation of the unconscious mind.

Eliot made significant contributions to the field of literary criticism , strongly influencing the school of New Criticism. He was somewhat self-deprecating and minimising of his work and once said his criticism was merely a "by-product" of his "private poetry-workshop", but the critic William Empson once said, "I do not know for certain how much of my own mind [Eliot] invented, let alone how much of it is a reaction against him or indeed a consequence of misreading him.

He is a very penetrating influence, perhaps not unlike the east wind. In his critical essay " Tradition and the Individual Talent ", Eliot argues that art must be understood not in a vacuum, but in the context of previous pieces of art.

Eliot himself employed this concept on many of his works, especially on his long-poem The Waste Land.

Also important to New Criticism was the idea—as articulated in Eliot's essay " Hamlet and His Problems "—of an " objective correlative ", which posits a connection among the words of the text and events, states of mind, and experiences.

More generally, New Critics took a cue from Eliot in regard to his "'classical' ideals and his religious thought; his attention to the poetry and drama of the early seventeenth century; his deprecation of the Romantics, especially Shelley ; his proposition that good poems constitute 'not a turning loose of emotion but an escape from emotion'; and his insistence that 'poets Eliot's essays were a major factor in the revival of interest in the metaphysical poets.

Eliot particularly praised the metaphysical poets' ability to show experience as both psychological and sensual, while at the same time infusing this portrayal with—in Eliot's view—wit and uniqueness.

Eliot's essay "The Metaphysical Poets", along with giving new significance and attention to metaphysical poetry, introduced his now well-known definition of "unified sensibility", which is considered by some to mean the same thing as the term "metaphysical".

His poem The Waste Land [88] also can be better understood in light of his work as a critic. He had argued that a poet must write "programmatic criticism", that is, a poet should write to advance his own interests rather than to advance "historical scholarship".

Viewed from Eliot's critical lens, The Waste Land likely shows his personal despair about World War I rather than an objective historical understanding of it.

Late in his career, Eliot focused much of his creative energy on writing for the theatre; some of his earlier critical writing, in essays such as "Poetry and Drama", [90] "Hamlet and his Problems", [84] and "The Possibility of a Poetic Drama", [91] focused on the aesthetics of writing drama in verse.

Alfred Prufrock", "Portrait of a Lady", "La Figlia Che Piange", "Preludes", and "Rhapsody on a Windy Night" had "[an] effect [that] was both unique and compelling, and their assurance staggered [Eliot's] contemporaries who were privileged to read them in manuscript.

The wholeness is there, from the very beginning. The initial critical response to Eliot's The Waste Land was mixed. Bush notes that the piece was at first correctly perceived as a work of jazz-like syncopation—and, like s jazz , essentially iconoclastic.

Edmund Wilson, being one of the critics who praised Eliot, called him "one of our only authentic poets". In regard to The Waste Land , Wilson admits its flaws "its lack of structural unity" , but concluded, "I doubt whether there is a single other poem of equal length by a contemporary American which displays so high and so varied a mastery of English verse.

Charles Powell was negative in his criticism of Eliot, calling his poems incomprehensible. For instance, though Ransom negatively criticised The Waste Land for its "extreme disconnection", Ransom was not completely condemnatory of Eliot's work and admitted that Eliot was a talented poet.

Addressing some of the common criticisms directed against The Waste Land at the time, Gilbert Seldes stated, "It seems at first sight remarkably disconnected and confused Eliot's reputation as a poet, as well as his influence in the academy, peaked following the publication of The Four Quartets.

In an essay on Eliot published in , the writer Cynthia Ozick refers to this peak of influence from the s through the early s as "the Age of Eliot" when Eliot "seemed pure zenith, a colossus, nothing less than a permanent luminary, fixed in the firmament like the sun and the moon".

As Eliot's conservative religious and political convictions began to seem less congenial in the postwar world, other readers reacted with suspicion to his assertions of authority, obvious in Four Quartets and implicit in the earlier poetry.

The result, fueled by intermittent rediscovery of Eliot's occasional anti-Semitic rhetoric, has been a progressive downward revision of his once towering reputation.

Bush also notes that Eliot's reputation "slipped" significantly further after his death. He writes, "Sometimes regarded as too academic William Carlos Williams 's view , Eliot was also frequently criticized for a deadening neoclassicism as he himself—perhaps just as unfairly—had criticized Milton.

However, the multifarious tributes from practicing poets of many schools published during his centenary in was a strong indication of the intimidating continued presence of his poetic voice.

Although Eliot's poetry is not as influential as it once was, notable literary scholars, like Harold Bloom [98] and Stephen Greenblatt , [99] still acknowledge that Eliot's poetry is central to the literary English canon.

For instance, the editors of The Norton Anthology of English Literature write, "There is no disagreement on [Eliot's] importance as one of the great renovators of the English poetry dialect, whose influence on a whole generation of poets, critics, and intellectuals generally was enormous.

The depiction of Jews in some of Eliot's poems has led several critics to accuse him of anti-Semitism. This case has been presented most forcefully in a study by Anthony Julius : T.

Eliot, Anti-Semitism, and Literary Form In this poem, Eliot wrote, "The rats are underneath the piles. It reaches out like a clear signal to the reader.

In a series of lectures delivered at the University of Virginia in , published under the title After Strange Gods: A Primer of Modern Heresy , Eliot wrote of societal tradition and coherence, "What is still more important [than cultural homogeneity] is unity of religious background, and reasons of race and religion combine to make any large number of free-thinking Jews undesirable.

Craig Raine , in his books In Defence of T. Eliot and T. Eliot , sought to defend Eliot from the charge of anti-Semitism. Reviewing the book, Paul Dean stated that he was not convinced by Raine's argument.

Nevertheless, he concluded, "Ultimately, as both Raine and, to do him justice, Julius insist, however much Eliot may have been compromised as a person, as we all are in our several ways, his greatness as a poet remains.

Eliot's well-earned reputation [as a poet] is established beyond all doubt, and making him out to be as unflawed as the Archangel Gabriel does him no favours.

Below is a partial list of honours and awards received by Eliot or bestowed or created in his honour. These honours are displayed in order of precedence based on Eliot's nationality and rules of protocol, not awarding date.

Source: "T. Eliot Bibliography". Nobel Prize. Retrieved 25 February From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other people named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot disambiguation. US-born British poet Eliot in by Lady Ottoline Morrell.

Poet essayist playwright publisher critic. Vivienne Haigh-Wood. Main article: The Love Song of J.

Alfred Prufrock. Main article: The Waste Land. Main article: Ash Wednesday poem. Main article: Four Quartets. Main article: T. Eliot bibliography.

Carnes eds , American National Biography. In Bloom, Harold ed. Bloom's Biocritiques. Broomall: Chelsea House Publishing. Retrieved 7 November Nobel Foundation.

Retrieved 26 April Eliot" , Nobel Foundation, taken from Frenz, Horst ed. Nobel Lectures, Literature — Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company, Retrieved 6 March Eliot: A Short Biography.

London: Haus Publishing. Eliot, A Memoir. London: Garnstone Limited. Louis: Washington University Press, , p.

The Paris Review Retrieved 29 November Hayward, John Davy ed. Poems Written in Early Youth. The Review of English Studies.

Eliot, The World Fair of St. Louis and "Autonomy". Nagoya, Japan: Kougaku Shuppan. In Barkan, Elzar; Bush, Ronald eds. Prehistories of the Future.

Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. American Literary Scholarship. Associates of St. Louis University Libraries, Inc.

Louis, Inc. Eliot: The Making of an American Poet, — Eliot on the opening of the Emily Hale letters at Princeton". Retrieved 6 January Eliot , Knopf Publishing Group, p.

Philosophy and Literature. Eliot Letters to Emily Hale". PUL Manuscripts News. The Letters of T. Eliot, Volume 1, — Random House, , p.

Knopf Publishing Group, , p. Eliot: Volume 1, — London: Faber and Faber. James Joyce. Eliot's Social Criticism. Eliot in Context.

Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 26 October Eliot Companion: Life and Works. Palgrave Macmillan UK. Voices and Visions Series.

XVII, No. Eliot to For Lancelot Andrewes : Essays on style and order On Poetry and Poets. Beyond the Occult. London: Bantam Press.

Constable , p. The Guardian. Eliot: The Modernist in History , p. Where Emily Hale and Vivienne were part of Eliot's private phantasmagoria, Mary Trevelyan played her part in what was essentially a public friendship.

She was Eliot's escort for nearly twenty years until his second marriage in A brainy woman, with the bracing organizational energy of a Florence Nightingale, she propped the outer structure of Eliot's life, but for him she, too, represented..

Eliot, and Humanism , , p. For her their friendship was a commitment; for Eliot quite peripheral. His passion for immortality was so commanding that it allowed him to Eliot — A Twenty-first Century View , p.

Retrieved 1 July Eliot: An Imperfect Life. Norton , p. Eliot and Miss E. The Times Retrieved 3 March Eliot's widow Valerie Eliot dies at 86". Associated Press via Yahoo News.

Retrieved 12 November Books on Google Play T. Eliot: The Critical Heritage, Volume 1. Although the given name was historically given to males, females named Elliot have increased from in to in , in United States.

The origin of the Scottish surname is obscure, due to much of the genealogy of the Eliott clan being burnt in the destruction of the castle at Stobs in AD.

The whole subject of the Scottish name origin is discussed by Keith Elliot Hunter on the Elliot Clan website [9] where he argues for a Breton origin to the name and the first chief being William d'Alyth.

Under that name, the d'Alyths played a key role in the Scottish Wars of Independence [10] However, Mark Elliot presents a well-argued case that there is no connection between the Elliot river and town with the clan and believes the origins are in the first name of Elwald, which appears in Northumberland in the 8th century king, Elwald 1.

The name has Anglo-Saxon origins and appears alongside Armstrong in Northumbrian records dating from Lady Elliot in:'The Elliots: The Story of a Border Clan' says: "Around someone added an "i" to our name to make it Elliot, which was without a doubt unfortunate as it confuses the clan with a well-known English Norman family called Eliot who settled in West England".

That would exclude the idea that the Cornish Eliots set the clan up a few centuries earlier, but it is said that this was some means of expressing solidarity with John Eliot , who was regularly imprisoned by Charles I until his death in A Thomas Elyot is recorded in West Lothian, dying in The origin of the east English name is in Cambridgeshire.

Radegund in Cambridge in about Edmunds in A William Eliot appears in about in the same parish. The surname reaches London early in the 14th century.

Johanne Eliot appears in the Portsoken near Aldgate Subsidy Roll of with a reference to him being found in under John Elyot. The neck is straight with a pointed spout.

The body is fat and bulbous. Thursday, the feast of St. Edmund the King. It is not made easier by a member of the clan Eliott Stobs family, George Augustus Eliott , — , the defender of Gibraltar, being made 1st Baron Heathfield, which is in Sussex, although he died childless.

Germans, who claim descent from a Norman knight, Sir William de Aliot. It is unknown exactly when the Eliots settled in Devon, but it is estimated they prospered there for 8 to 10 generations before moving to St.

Meanwhile, he was also a prolific reviewer and essayist in both literary criticism and technical philosophy. With the publication in of his poem The Waste Land , Eliot won an international reputation.

The Waste Land expresses with great power the disenchantment, disillusionment, and disgust of the period after World War I. In a series of vignettes , loosely linked by the legend of the search for the Grail , it portrays a sterile world of panicky fears and barren lusts, and of human beings waiting for some sign or promise of redemption.

This scholarly supplement distracted some readers and critics from perceiving the true originality of the poem, which lay rather in its rendering of the universal human predicament of man desiring salvation , and in its manipulation of language, than in its range of literary references.

In his earlier poems Eliot had shown himself to be a master of the poetic phrase. The Waste Land showed him to be, in addition, a metrist of great virtuosity, capable of astonishing modulations ranging from the sublime to the conversational.

But The Waste Land is not a simple contrast of the heroic past with the degraded present; it is, rather, a timeless simultaneous awareness of moral grandeur and moral evil.

The poet writing in English may therefore make his own tradition by using materials from any past period, in any language. In these essays he effects a new historical perspective on the hierarchy of English poetry, putting at the top Donne and other Metaphysical poets of the 17th century and lowering poets of the 18th and 19th centuries.

This change seems to him to consist in a loss of the union of thought and feeling. The phrase has been attacked, yet the historical fact that gave rise to it cannot be denied, and with the poetry of Eliot and Pound it had a strong influence in reviving interest in certain 17th-century poets.

Shortly before this his interests had broadened into theology and sociology; three short books, or long essays, were the result: Thoughts After Lambeth , The Idea of a Christian Society , and Notes Towards the Definition of Culture These book-essays, along with his Dante , an indubitable masterpiece, broadened the base of literature into theology and philosophy: whether a work is poetry must be decided by literary standards; whether it is great poetry must be decided by standards higher than the literary.

The great essay on Dante appeared two years after Eliot was confirmed in the Church of England ; in that year he also became a British subject.

The first long poem after his conversion was Ash Wednesday , a religious meditation in a style entirely different from that of any of the earlier poems.

Ash Wednesday expresses the pangs and the strain involved in the acceptance of religious belief and religious discipline. This and subsequent poems were written in a more relaxed, musical, and meditative style than his earlier works, in which the dramatic element had been stronger than the lyrical.

Ash Wednesday was not well received in an era that held that poetry, though autonomous , is strictly secular in its outlook; it was misinterpreted by some critics as an expression of personal disillusion.

Eliot Wie bürgerlich ist Eliot?

In den letzten 30 Jahren genau genommen seit wurde der Name Eliot in Österreich genau mal vergeben, es handelt sich hier also um einen sehr seltenen Namen. Die Qualität und der Service von Smartfurniture haben uns begeistert. Erste Erfolge als Literat feierte Eliot mit J. Wie Funktioniert Bank Transfer Kunde? Dein Vorname. Eliot hatte lyrisch alles für ihn Wichtige gesagt. Es ist daher plausibel anzunehmen, dass viele Menschen den Namen Eliot für die Generation der derzeit geborenen Jungen assoziativ mit einem einfachen oder bodenständige Elternhaus in Verbindung bringen. Kultur Tour Brasil. Tales Of Spiele wird am Eliot

The couple formally separated in and in Vivienne's brother, Maurice, had her committed to a mental hospital, against her will, where she remained until her death of heart disease in In a private paper written in his sixties, Eliot confessed: "I came to persuade myself that I was in love with Vivienne simply because I wanted to burn my boats and commit myself to staying in England.

And she persuaded herself also under the influence of [Ezra] Pound that she would save the poet by keeping him in England. To her, the marriage brought no happiness.

To me, it brought the state of mind out of which came The Waste Land. After leaving Merton, Eliot worked as a schoolteacher, most notably at Highgate School , a private school in London, where he taught French and Latin—his students included the young John Betjeman.

To earn extra money, he wrote book reviews and lectured at evening extension courses at the University College London, and Oxford.

In , he took a position at Lloyds Bank in London, working on foreign accounts. Eliot said he found Joyce arrogant—Joyce doubted Eliot's ability as a poet at the time—but the two soon became friends, with Eliot visiting Joyce whenever he was in Paris.

Charles Whibley recommended T. Eliot to Geoffrey Faber. Auden , Stephen Spender , and Ted Hughes. On 29 June , Eliot converted to Anglicanism from Unitarianism , and in November that year he took British citizenship.

One of Eliot's biographers, Peter Ackroyd , commented that "the purposes of [Eliot's conversion] were two-fold.

One: the Church of England offered Eliot some hope for himself, and I think Eliot needed some resting place. But secondly, it attached Eliot to the English community and English culture.

By , Eliot had been contemplating a separation from his wife for some time. When Harvard offered him the Charles Eliot Norton professorship for the — academic year, he accepted and left Vivienne in England.

Upon his return, he arranged for a formal separation from her, avoiding all but one meeting with her between his leaving for America in and her death in Vivienne was committed to the Northumberland House mental hospital, Stoke Newington , in , and remained there until she died.

Although Eliot was still legally her husband, he never visited her. Eliot later destroyed Hale's letters to him, but Hale donated Eliot's to Princeton University Library where they were sealed until From to Eliot's public companion was Mary Trevelyan of London University, who wanted to marry him and left a detailed memoir.

When Eliot and Hayward separated their household in , Hayward retained his collection of Eliot's papers, which he bequeathed to King's College, Cambridge , in In contrast to his first marriage, Eliot knew Fletcher well, as she had been his secretary at Faber and Faber since August They kept their wedding secret; the ceremony was held in St.

Eliot had no children with either of his wives. In the early s, by then in failing health, Eliot worked as an editor for the Wesleyan University Press , seeking new poets in Europe for publication.

After Eliot's death, Valerie dedicated her time to preserving his legacy, by editing and annotating The Letters of T. Eliot and a facsimile of the draft of The Waste Land.

Eliot died of emphysema at his home in Kensington in London, on 4 January , [53] and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium.

In my end is my beginning. In , on the second anniversary of his death, Eliot was commemorated by the placement of a large stone in the floor of Poets' Corner in London's Westminster Abbey.

The apartment block where he died, No. For a poet of his stature, Eliot produced a relatively small number of poems.

He was aware of this even early in his career. He wrote to J. Woods, one of his former Harvard professors, "My reputation in London is built upon one small volume of verse, and is kept up by printing two or three more poems in a year.

The only thing that matters is that these should be perfect in their kind, so that each should be an event. Typically, Eliot first published his poems individually in periodicals or in small books or pamphlets and then collected them in books.

His first collection was Prufrock and Other Observations These had the same poems in a different order except that "Ode" in the British edition was replaced with "Hysteria" in the American edition.

From then on, he updated this work as Collected Poems. Exceptions are Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats , a collection of light verse; Poems Written in Early Youth , posthumously published in and consisting mainly of poems published between and in The Harvard Advocate , and Inventions of the March Hare: Poems — , material Eliot never intended to have published, which appeared posthumously in During an interview in , Eliot said of his nationality and its role in his work: "I'd say that my poetry has obviously more in common with my distinguished contemporaries in America than with anything written in my generation in England.

That I'm sure of. It wouldn't be what it is, and I imagine it wouldn't be so good; putting it as modestly as I can, it wouldn't be what it is if I'd been born in England, and it wouldn't be what it is if I'd stayed in America.

It's a combination of things. But in its sources, in its emotional springs, it comes from America. Cleo McNelly Kearns notes in her biography that Eliot was deeply influenced by Indic traditions, notably the Upanishads.

From the Sanskrit ending of The Waste Land to the "What Krishna meant" section of Four Quartets shows how much Indic religions and more specifically Hinduism made up his philosophical basic for his thought process.

He himself wrote in his essay on W. Yeats: "The kind of poetry that I needed to teach me the use of my own voice did not exist in English at all; it was only to be found in French.

Alfred Prufrock". Its now-famous opening lines, comparing the evening sky to "a patient etherised upon a table", were considered shocking and offensive, especially at a time when Georgian Poetry was hailed for its derivations of the nineteenth century Romantic Poets.

The poem's structure was heavily influenced by Eliot's extensive reading of Dante and refers to a number of literary works, including Hamlet and those of the French Symbolists.

Eliot is surely of the very smallest importance to anyone, even to himself. They certainly have no relation to poetry. Eliot's dedication to il miglior fabbro "the better craftsman" refers to Ezra Pound's significant hand in editing and reshaping the poem from a longer Eliot manuscript to the shortened version that appears in publication.

It was composed during a period of personal difficulty for Eliot—his marriage was failing, and both he and Vivienne were suffering from nervous disorders.

Before the poem's publication as a book in December , Eliot distanced himself from its vision of despair. On 15 November , he wrote to Richard Aldington , saying, "As for The Waste Land , that is a thing of the past so far as I am concerned and I am now feeling toward a new form and style.

I may have expressed for them their own illusion of being disillusioned, but that did not form part of my intention" [68]. The poem is known for its obscure nature—its slippage between satire and prophecy; its abrupt changes of speaker, location, and time.

This structural complexity is one of the reasons why the poem has become a touchstone of modern literature , a poetic counterpart to a novel published in the same year, James Joyce 's Ulysses.

Among its best-known phrases are "April is the cruellest month", "I will show you fear in a handful of dust" and " Shantih shantih shantih ".

The Sanskrit mantra ends the poem. For the critic Edmund Wilson , it marked "The nadir of the phase of despair and desolation given such effective expression in "The Waste Land".

Similar to Eliot's other works, its themes are overlapping and fragmentary. Post-war Europe under the Treaty of Versailles which Eliot despised , the difficulty of hope and religious conversion, Eliot's failed marriage.

Published in , it deals with the struggle that ensues when a person who has lacked faith acquires it. Sometimes referred to as Eliot's "conversion poem", it is richly but ambiguously allusive, and deals with the aspiration to move from spiritual barrenness to hope for human salvation.

Eliot's style of writing in "Ash-Wednesday" showed a marked shift from the poetry he had written prior to his conversion, and his post-conversion style continued in a similar vein.

His style became less ironic, and the poems were no longer populated by multiple characters in dialogue. Eliot's subject matter also became more focused on his spiritual concerns and his Christian faith.

Many critics were particularly enthusiastic about "Ash-Wednesday". Edwin Muir maintained that it is one of the most moving poems Eliot wrote, and perhaps the "most perfect", though it was not well received by everyone.

The poem's groundwork of orthodox Christianity discomfited many of the more secular literati. This first edition had an illustration of the author on the cover.

In , the composer Alan Rawsthorne set six of the poems for speaker and orchestra in a work titled Practical Cats. After Eliot's death, the book was adapted as the basis of the musical Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber , first produced in London's West End in and opening on Broadway the following year.

Eliot regarded Four Quartets as his masterpiece, and it is the work that led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Each has five sections.

Although they resist easy characterisation, each poem includes meditations on the nature of time in some important respect— theological , historical, physical—and its relation to the human condition.

Each poem is associated with one of the four classical elements , respectively: air, earth, water, and fire. In the final section, the narrator contemplates the arts "words" and "music" as they relate to time.

Out of darkness, Eliot offers a solution: "I said to my soul, be still, and wait without hope. Eliot's experiences as an air raid warden in the Blitz power the poem, and he imagines meeting Dante during the German bombing.

The Four Quartets cannot be understood without reference to Christian thought, traditions, and history. Eliot draws upon the theology, art, symbolism and language of such figures as Dante, and mystics St.

John of the Cross and Julian of Norwich. The "deeper communion" sought in "East Coker", the "hints and whispers of children, the sickness that must grow worse to find healing", and the exploration which inevitably leads us home all point to the pilgrim's path along the road of sanctification.

With the important exception of Four Quartets , Eliot directed much of his creative energies after Ash Wednesday to writing plays in verse, mostly comedies or plays with redemptive endings.

In a lecture he said "Every poet would like, I fancy, to be able to think that he had some direct social utility.

He would like to be something of a popular entertainer and be able to think his own thoughts behind a tragic or a comic mask. He would like to convey the pleasures of poetry, not only to a larger audience but to larger groups of people collectively; and the theatre is the best place in which to do it.

After The Waste Land , he wrote that he was "now feeling toward a new form and style". One project he had in mind was writing a play in verse, using some of the rhythms of early jazz.

The play featured "Sweeney", a character who had appeared in a number of his poems. Although Eliot did not finish the play, he did publish two scenes from the piece.

These scenes, titled Fragment of a Prologue and Fragment of an Agon , were published together in as Sweeney Agonistes. Although Eliot noted that this was not intended to be a one-act play, it is sometimes performed as one.

A pageant play by Eliot called The Rock was performed in for the benefit of churches in the Diocese of London.

Much of it was a collaborative effort; Eliot accepted credit only for the authorship of one scene and the choruses. Martin Browne for the production of The Rock , and later commissioned Eliot to write another play for the Canterbury Festival in This one, Murder in the Cathedral , concerning the death of the martyr, Thomas Becket , was more under Eliot's control.

Eliot biographer Peter Ackroyd comments that "for [Eliot], Murder in the Cathedral and succeeding verse plays offered a double advantage; it allowed him to practice poetry but it also offered a convenient home for his religious sensibility.

Martin Browne [78]. Regarding his method of playwriting, Eliot explained, "If I set out to write a play, I start by an act of choice.

I settle upon a particular emotional situation, out of which characters and a plot will emerge. And then lines of poetry may come into being: not from the original impulse but from a secondary stimulation of the unconscious mind.

Eliot made significant contributions to the field of literary criticism , strongly influencing the school of New Criticism.

He was somewhat self-deprecating and minimising of his work and once said his criticism was merely a "by-product" of his "private poetry-workshop", but the critic William Empson once said, "I do not know for certain how much of my own mind [Eliot] invented, let alone how much of it is a reaction against him or indeed a consequence of misreading him.

He is a very penetrating influence, perhaps not unlike the east wind. In his critical essay " Tradition and the Individual Talent ", Eliot argues that art must be understood not in a vacuum, but in the context of previous pieces of art.

Eliot himself employed this concept on many of his works, especially on his long-poem The Waste Land. Also important to New Criticism was the idea—as articulated in Eliot's essay " Hamlet and His Problems "—of an " objective correlative ", which posits a connection among the words of the text and events, states of mind, and experiences.

More generally, New Critics took a cue from Eliot in regard to his "'classical' ideals and his religious thought; his attention to the poetry and drama of the early seventeenth century; his deprecation of the Romantics, especially Shelley ; his proposition that good poems constitute 'not a turning loose of emotion but an escape from emotion'; and his insistence that 'poets Eliot's essays were a major factor in the revival of interest in the metaphysical poets.

Eliot particularly praised the metaphysical poets' ability to show experience as both psychological and sensual, while at the same time infusing this portrayal with—in Eliot's view—wit and uniqueness.

Eliot's essay "The Metaphysical Poets", along with giving new significance and attention to metaphysical poetry, introduced his now well-known definition of "unified sensibility", which is considered by some to mean the same thing as the term "metaphysical".

His poem The Waste Land [88] also can be better understood in light of his work as a critic. He had argued that a poet must write "programmatic criticism", that is, a poet should write to advance his own interests rather than to advance "historical scholarship".

Viewed from Eliot's critical lens, The Waste Land likely shows his personal despair about World War I rather than an objective historical understanding of it.

Late in his career, Eliot focused much of his creative energy on writing for the theatre; some of his earlier critical writing, in essays such as "Poetry and Drama", [90] "Hamlet and his Problems", [84] and "The Possibility of a Poetic Drama", [91] focused on the aesthetics of writing drama in verse.

Alfred Prufrock", "Portrait of a Lady", "La Figlia Che Piange", "Preludes", and "Rhapsody on a Windy Night" had "[an] effect [that] was both unique and compelling, and their assurance staggered [Eliot's] contemporaries who were privileged to read them in manuscript.

The wholeness is there, from the very beginning. The initial critical response to Eliot's The Waste Land was mixed.

Bush notes that the piece was at first correctly perceived as a work of jazz-like syncopation—and, like s jazz , essentially iconoclastic.

Edmund Wilson, being one of the critics who praised Eliot, called him "one of our only authentic poets". In regard to The Waste Land , Wilson admits its flaws "its lack of structural unity" , but concluded, "I doubt whether there is a single other poem of equal length by a contemporary American which displays so high and so varied a mastery of English verse.

Charles Powell was negative in his criticism of Eliot, calling his poems incomprehensible. For instance, though Ransom negatively criticised The Waste Land for its "extreme disconnection", Ransom was not completely condemnatory of Eliot's work and admitted that Eliot was a talented poet.

Addressing some of the common criticisms directed against The Waste Land at the time, Gilbert Seldes stated, "It seems at first sight remarkably disconnected and confused Eliot's reputation as a poet, as well as his influence in the academy, peaked following the publication of The Four Quartets.

In an essay on Eliot published in , the writer Cynthia Ozick refers to this peak of influence from the s through the early s as "the Age of Eliot" when Eliot "seemed pure zenith, a colossus, nothing less than a permanent luminary, fixed in the firmament like the sun and the moon".

As Eliot's conservative religious and political convictions began to seem less congenial in the postwar world, other readers reacted with suspicion to his assertions of authority, obvious in Four Quartets and implicit in the earlier poetry.

The result, fueled by intermittent rediscovery of Eliot's occasional anti-Semitic rhetoric, has been a progressive downward revision of his once towering reputation.

Bush also notes that Eliot's reputation "slipped" significantly further after his death. He writes, "Sometimes regarded as too academic William Carlos Williams 's view , Eliot was also frequently criticized for a deadening neoclassicism as he himself—perhaps just as unfairly—had criticized Milton.

However, the multifarious tributes from practicing poets of many schools published during his centenary in was a strong indication of the intimidating continued presence of his poetic voice.

Although Eliot's poetry is not as influential as it once was, notable literary scholars, like Harold Bloom [98] and Stephen Greenblatt , [99] still acknowledge that Eliot's poetry is central to the literary English canon.

For instance, the editors of The Norton Anthology of English Literature write, "There is no disagreement on [Eliot's] importance as one of the great renovators of the English poetry dialect, whose influence on a whole generation of poets, critics, and intellectuals generally was enormous.

The depiction of Jews in some of Eliot's poems has led several critics to accuse him of anti-Semitism. This case has been presented most forcefully in a study by Anthony Julius : T.

Eliot, Anti-Semitism, and Literary Form In this poem, Eliot wrote, "The rats are underneath the piles. It reaches out like a clear signal to the reader.

In a series of lectures delivered at the University of Virginia in , published under the title After Strange Gods: A Primer of Modern Heresy , Eliot wrote of societal tradition and coherence, "What is still more important [than cultural homogeneity] is unity of religious background, and reasons of race and religion combine to make any large number of free-thinking Jews undesirable.

Craig Raine , in his books In Defence of T. Eliot and T. Eliot , sought to defend Eliot from the charge of anti-Semitism.

Reviewing the book, Paul Dean stated that he was not convinced by Raine's argument. Nevertheless, he concluded, "Ultimately, as both Raine and, to do him justice, Julius insist, however much Eliot may have been compromised as a person, as we all are in our several ways, his greatness as a poet remains.

Eliot's well-earned reputation [as a poet] is established beyond all doubt, and making him out to be as unflawed as the Archangel Gabriel does him no favours.

Below is a partial list of honours and awards received by Eliot or bestowed or created in his honour. These honours are displayed in order of precedence based on Eliot's nationality and rules of protocol, not awarding date.

Source: "T. Eliot Bibliography". Nobel Prize. Retrieved 25 February From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot disambiguation.

US-born British poet Eliot in by Lady Ottoline Morrell. Poet essayist playwright publisher critic. Vivienne Haigh-Wood.

Main article: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. Main article: The Waste Land. Main article: Ash Wednesday poem. Main article: Four Quartets.

Main article: T. Eliot bibliography. Carnes eds , American National Biography. In Bloom, Harold ed. Bloom's Biocritiques. Broomall: Chelsea House Publishing.

Retrieved 7 November Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 26 April Eliot" , Nobel Foundation, taken from Frenz, Horst ed. Nobel Lectures, Literature — Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company, Retrieved 6 March Eliot: A Short Biography.

London: Haus Publishing. Eliot, A Memoir. London: Garnstone Limited. Louis: Washington University Press, , p. The Paris Review Retrieved 29 November Hayward, John Davy ed.

Poems Written in Early Youth. The Review of English Studies. Eliot, The World Fair of St. Louis and "Autonomy".

Nagoya, Japan: Kougaku Shuppan. In Barkan, Elzar; Bush, Ronald eds. Prehistories of the Future. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. American Literary Scholarship.

Associates of St. Louis University Libraries, Inc. Louis, Inc. Eliot: The Making of an American Poet, — Eliot on the opening of the Emily Hale letters at Princeton".

Retrieved 6 January Eliot , Knopf Publishing Group, p. Philosophy and Literature. Eliot Letters to Emily Hale". PUL Manuscripts News.

The Letters of T. Eliot, Volume 1, — Random House, , p. Knopf Publishing Group, , p. Eliot: Volume 1, — London: Faber and Faber.

James Joyce. Eliot's Social Criticism. Eliot in Context. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 26 October Eliot Companion: Life and Works.

Palgrave Macmillan UK. Voices and Visions Series. XVII, No. Eliot to For Lancelot Andrewes : Essays on style and order On Poetry and Poets. Beyond the Occult.

London: Bantam Press. Constable , p. The Guardian. The body is fat and bulbous. Thursday, the feast of St. Edmund the King.

It is not made easier by a member of the clan Eliott Stobs family, George Augustus Eliott , — , the defender of Gibraltar, being made 1st Baron Heathfield, which is in Sussex, although he died childless.

Germans, who claim descent from a Norman knight, Sir William de Aliot. It is unknown exactly when the Eliots settled in Devon, but it is estimated they prospered there for 8 to 10 generations before moving to St.

The earliest record is of a William Elyot, [26] who appears in the Somerset Assizes rolls in and there is a record of the surname in an indenture signed in by RYC Elyot.

The name Eliot appears in Normandy in and a son of Anschar Elyot in It has been argued by Keith Elliott Hunter [28] that the origins of the St.

Germans Eliot family were among the Bretons accompanying William the Conqueror, who were originally rewarded with lands in Devon. The Breton origin of Eliot and Elliot is indicated by these names being in significant clusters in Morbihan, southern Brittany.

Other Eliots were sent later to Monmouthshire in South Wales and to the marcher counties, where significant clusters of the name can be found today.

Large surviving clusters of Eliots in Normandy Seine Maritime today could be due to later grants of land.

One variant in Scotland was Dalliot or, more likely, d'Alliot and a variation from the Breton original name Ellegouet, from which the Scots variant Elligott is derived, is to be found in clusters in Finistere.

Elot is also a Breton name variant. Elliot t s emigrated or were sent to north Ireland in the early 17th century after the Border area was pacified, following the union of the English and Scottish crowns in Many settled in county Fermanagh.

However, the three contributions from Sussex do suggest both a native origin in the area and the unusual J haplotype from southern Europe.

Some sources claim it may be derived from a French form of Elias , which is itself derived from the biblical name " Elijah ". Legend also has it that the extra "t" in Eliott arose when a branch of the Eliotts adopted Christianity.

It is claimed that the surname originated in the early 13th century as "Eliot", as there is supposed to be a reference to "Geoffrey Eliot", Abbot of Hyde, in documents linked to the creation of Magna Carta.

However, the Abbot of Hyde Abbey near Winchester in Hampshire , who signed the version was Abbot Aston [31] and the version confirmed by Edward I mentions the Abbot of Hyde as a witness, but does not name him.

Among the many famous people with this name are the authors T. In Scotland , the surname is well represented in Lanarkshire , Angus , Roxburghshire , Dumfriesshire , and other border counties.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Eliot. This article is about Elliot as a name. For other uses, see Elliot disambiguation.

Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original on 11 March Archived from the original on 28 August Retrieved 16 October

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Fürst Pückler Schnitte: On wood. Dem Drama wandte sich T. In welchen sozialen Milieus ist der Vorname Eliot derzeit besonders beliebt? Was ist dieser Ton hoch in der Luft? Neon Kölsch. Seine Denkweise war vom Buddhismusvon der christlichen Mystik und von der antiken Philosophie beeinflusst. Die Ehe war unglücklich und blieb kinderlos; Bad Pyrmont Kommende Veranstaltungen Frau litt häufig an verschiedenen Krankheiten. Cs Go Cash gehobenen, bürgerlichen Beste Spielothek in Schuttertal finden ist der Name Eliot dagegen ebenso unterrepräsentiert wie in sehr einfachen Milieus. Eliot Gewinnspiel Betrug die Zeit das Zeitlose kreuzt. Nobelpreis für Literatur für T. Maurer Waage. Verleihe Deinem Eliot eine eigene Persönlichkeit mit dem cover. Dein Style.

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Form des Protestes Die Ambivalenz des Kniefalls. Song Structures Queen and Blur. Welche Namen einem selbst besonders gut gefallen, ist natürlich ganz wesentlich eine Frage des persönlichen Geschmacks. Januar in London. Was denkst du? Die Suchanfrage muss aus mind. Es ist wissenschaftlich erwiesen, dass der Wechsel zwischen Stehen und Sitzen die Spielautomat Merkur verbessert, die Gesundheit Niehenke und das allgemeine Wohlbefinden steigert. Mad IceCone. Maurer Waage. Eliot in der Liste der beliebtesten Jungennamen Berlins. Die Vergangenheit und die Zukunft sind für ihn immer auch in der Gegenwart enthalten. Ein Tisch ist mehr als nur ein Möbelstück.

Eliot Video

Elliot Moss - \ London Review of Books. Paul Hermann Müller Switzerland. The surname reaches London early in the 14th century. For other people named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot disambiguation. Hayward, John Davy ed. For instance, the editors of The Norton Anthology of English Literature write, "There is no disagreement on [Eliot's] importance as one of the great renovators of the English poetry dialect, whose influence on a whole generation of Esprit Arena DГјГџeldorf AdreГџe, critics, and intellectuals generally was enormous. To me, it brought the state of mind out of which came The Waste Land. About & Contact · ART · MUSIC · SHOP · Rubber Duck · exhibition, stencil · Unicorn Poo · drips, neon, series, serigraphy, stencil · Disco Kugel. print, screen print. Der Jungenname Eliot ♂ Herkunft, Bedeutung, Beliebtheit und soziales Prestige. Entdecke ähnliche Namen, die Schreibweise im Flaggenalphabet und vieles. T.S. Eliot war ein zerrissener Mensch. Die Tiefendimension seiner Lyrik macht ihn zu einem Jahrhundertdichter. erhält er den Nobelpreis. Eliot leitete den Verlag Faber & Faber und wirkte stark auf die angelsächsische Literatur. Seine spröde Lyrik (Das wüste Land, ; Aschermittwoch, ; Vier​. Eliot als Jungenname ♂ Herkunft, Bedeutung & Namenstag im Überblick ✓ Alle Infos zum Namen Eliot auf kinderdagverblijfmeneerkoekepeer.online entdecken!

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